National Parks and Nature Reserves in Costa Rica
Costa Rica provides sanctuary to rain forest wilderness and nature reserves. National parks are built to preserve these natural resources and the diverse flora and fauna.
Central Volcanic Cordillera Conservation Area (Área de Conservación Cordillera Volcánica Central - ACCVC)
Central Volcanic Cordillera Conservation Area (ACCVC) is an administrative area which aims for the conservation of the flora and fauna in the central part of Costa Rica, notably the volcanic areas of the Cordillera Central mountain range. It contains a number Wildlife refuges and other types of nature reserve. You can find a great density of evergreen forest as well as a great diversity of wildlife, including the mammals of such as the white-faced monkeys, tapirs, and pumas of the Braulio Carrillo National Park as well as over 79 bird species such as the escarchero, hummingbird, and quetzal of the Poás Volcano National Park.
Image: The crater of Poás Volcano (source), taken by Peter Andersen, licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.
Poás Volcano National Park is a National Park that covers an area of approximately 16,000 acres (65 km²); the summit is 8,900 feet (2,708 m). One of the attractive features about Poás is that you can get all the way to the edge of the crater. The park maintains a variety of wild plant and animal species, such as the Poas Magnolia tree, and Bangs's Mountain Squirrel. It is home to many bird species, including the Clay-colored Robin and the Resplendent Quetzal and varieties of hummingbirds, tanagers, flycatchers and toucans.
Image: Patria Canyon at Braulio Carrillo National Park (source), originally uploaded to en.wikipedia by user Nulldevice, licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.
Braulio Carrillo National Park is the largest National Park in the central part of Costa Rica with 47,586 hectares. It has very dense evergreen forests that are very complex and a very diverse fauna in which the numerous bird species stand out with almost 550 species of resident and migratory birds, and some very notable mammals also add to the diversity of wildlife in the park.
Tortuguero Conservation Area (Área de Conservación Tortuguero - ACTo)
Tortuguero Conservation Area (ACTo) is a territorial and administrative unit, formed by the cantones of Guacimo and Pococi, Limon province. Also, part of the canton of Sarapiqui is part of ACTo territory. Private and state activities are developed in this area. Its extension is about 355.375 hectares, and its population is approximately 150.000 inhabitants (according to the 2000 Census). (Source: www.acto.go.cr)
Image: View from Tortuguero Mountain (source), photo by Leyo, licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 Switzerland license.
Tortuguero National Park is a park in the Limón Province of Costa Rica, under the administration of ACTo. Although it can be reached only by airplane or boat, the fact still remains that this is the third-most visited park in Costa Rica. Discover the incredible biological variety within the reserve of eleven different habitats, including rainforest, swamps, beaches, and lagoons, as well as the key nesting grounds of endangered sea turtles, exotic reptiles, crocodilians, frogs, and approximately 375 species of birds.